Barry Ulanov (April 10, 1918 – April 30, 2000) was an American writer.
Ulanov's father was Nathan Ulanov, concertmaster in Arturo Toscanini's NBC Philharmonic. His father taught him violin, but after a car crash in which he broke both wrists, he ceased studying the instrument. He studied at Columbia University, taking his BA there in 1939, and wrote about jazz as a student. Soon after graduating he edited several magazines and journals on music. He edited the journal Metronome from 1943 to 1955, and shifted its focus from Western art music to cover more jazz music, especially black musicians, who had heretofore received little notice in the journal.